Hyperglycaemia (Hyperglycemia)

Hyperglycaemia is when there is an extremely high level of glucose in the blood. When diabetes is not managed properly hyperglycaemia can develop.

Hyperglycaemia (Hyperglycemia)

Hyperglycaemia is when there is an extremely high level of glucose in the blood. When diabetes is not managed properly hyperglycaemia can develop. 

 

 

(Graphics Courtesy of Gainesville Today)

 

Treating hyperglycaemia in type 1 diabetes

 

In type 1 diabetes hyperglycaemia can progress to Ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis is a serious condition that can be fatal if left untreated. 
A person with type 1 diabetes who has hyperglycaemia:
  • Should consult their doctor or a credentialled diabetes educator for advice regarding increasing their dose of short acting insulin
  • May require additional insulin, e.g. 2-4 units every 2 hours
  • Should test blood glucose levels and urine ketones frequently
  • Should drink more water to ensure fluid passed through additional urination is compensated adequately.
They should contact a doctor or go to hospital immediately if: 
  • Drinking and eating becomes difficult due to vomiting 
  • Blood glucose levels remain high 
  • Moderate to high ketones are present in the urine. 

 

Treating hyperglycaemia in type 2 diabetes

  • In type 2 diabetes it is normal for blood glucose levels to fluctuate throughout the day.
  • An occasional high blood glucose level is not a problem.
  • If blood glucose levels remains high for a few subsequent days or the person is unwell they must contact a doctor or credentialled diabetes educator for advice. 

References: 
  1. Xtend-Life, March 2011.
  2. Diabetes Australia, March 2011.

Did you know?

An estimated 275 Australians develop diabetes every day.

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Australian Community Centre for Diabetes Victoria university - Melbourne Australia

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