Hyperglycaemia is when there is an extremely high level of glucose in the blood. When diabetes is not managed properly hyperglycaemia can develop.
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Treating hyperglycaemia in type 1 diabetes
- Should consult their doctor or a credentialled diabetes educator for advice regarding increasing their dose of short acting insulin
- May require additional insulin, e.g. 2-4 units every 2 hours
- Should test blood glucose levels and urine ketones frequently
- Should drink more water to ensure fluid passed through additional urination is compensated adequately.
- Drinking and eating becomes difficult due to vomiting
- Blood glucose levels remain high
- Moderate to high ketones are present in the urine.
Treating hyperglycaemia in type 2 diabetes
- In type 2 diabetes it is normal for blood glucose levels to fluctuate throughout the day.
- An occasional high blood glucose level is not a problem.
- If blood glucose levels remains high for a few subsequent days or the person is unwell they must contact a doctor or credentialled diabetes educator for advice.
- Xtend-Life, March 2011.
- Diabetes Australia, March 2011.