Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes has been described as this century's epidemic. Most people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is also called adult-onset or non-insulin dependent diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is commonly an obesity and lifestyle related disease, but it also can be related to a family history of diabetes.To date there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, however, diet and lifestyle modification can reduce and delay the onset of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes begins to develop when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or does not make enough insulin.
Type 2: Existing insulin is not working properly; 85% - 95% of people with diabetes.
Cause: Diet and lifestyle (overweight, physical inactivity, diet high in saturated fat) and genetics.
Symptoms: blurred vision, skin infections, slow healing, tingling, numbness in the feet, excessive thirst and urination and weight loss
Effect: Diagnosed in all ages but more in those aged >45 yrs.
Treatment: Lifestyle modification and medication.
If type 2 diabetes remains untreated, it can be life-threatening.
Although there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, it can be managed.
The onset of diabetes can be delayed by diet and lifestyle modifications.
In type 2 diabetes, the cells in the body are resistant to the effects of insulin. This means that insulin sensitive tissues such as liver, muscle and fat cells do not respond properly to insulin and they do not allow in the right levels of glucose.
Q. Where does the glucose build up if it does not go into the cells?
A. In the bloodstream.
Rizwana Kousar 2010. What is Diabetes? Diabetes and Your Community Education Series, Melbourne. © Australian Community Centre for Diabetes (ACCD).
Guyton and Hall, 2006.