Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood, however, it can also be diagnosed during later stages of life. In type 1 diabetes the pancreas does not make any insulin. This is why people with type 1 diabetes MUST take insulin medication every day.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood, however, it can also be diagnosed during later stages of life.

In type 1 diabetes the pancreas does not make any insulin. This is why people with type 1 diabetes MUST take insulin medication every day.
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes.
 
Type 1: Insulin dependent diabetes (complete lack of insulin). 5% - 15% of people with diabetes.
Cause: Not well known, genetic, autoimmune and environmental.
Symptoms: Excessive thirst and urination, unexplained weight loss, weakness and fatigue, irritability.
Effect: Usually first diagnosed in children and young adults.
Treatment: Daily insulin injections.


What happens in type 1 Diabetes?
Because the pancreas produces little or no insulin in type 1 diabetes, the key (insulin) is defective or not there at all. This means that the doors on the cells cannot be opened to let the blood glucose/sugar enter.
In Type 1 Diabetes, there is no insulin and no 'key' to let glucose enter the cells
 
Ask yourself the following question:
Q: Where is this blood sugar/glucose building up?
The answer is:
A: It builds up in blood vessels.
Despite continuous research type 1 diabetes has no cure, though it can be managed with proper treatment. If type 1 diabetes is treated effectively and properly, patients can expect to live longer and healthier lives than in the past.
 
Images: What is the difference between Type1 and Type 2 diabetes?

 

References:

  1. Rizwana Kousar 2010. What is Diabetes? Diabetes and Your Community Education Series, Melbourne. © Australian Community Centre for Diabetes (ACCD).

Did you know?

Myth: Diabetes can lead to blindness

Reality: This myth is true. Although diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in many people. However research has proved you can reduce your chances of developing diabetes complications (such as eye damage) by proper control of blood pressure, sugar level and body weight.

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Australian Community Centre for Diabetes Victoria university - Melbourne Australia

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