Causes of diabetes
What is your answer to this question:
Where does the sugar/glucose come from in our blood?
Does it come ONLY from eating sweet food?
The answer is ‘NO’.
Glucose in our body is a type of sugar which comes from all types of carbohydrate in foods.
All carbohydrate in food that we eat (such as fruit, burgers, fish, rice etc.) will be broken down into sugar by our digestive system.The body then breaks down all of the sugars and starches (carbohydrates) into glucose, which is the basic energy fuel for all cells in the body.
Glucose is a very simple sugar. It is transported to each cell in the whole body via the bloodstream.
All our body cells use glucose as their primary source of energy (for example, our brains, liver and muscles). When glucose builds up in the bloodstream, sometimes instead of going into cells, it remains in the blood. When this happens, diabetes develops and other related complications are also often seen.
- Rizwana Kousar 2010. What is Diabetes? Diabetes and Your Community Education Series, Melbourne. © Australian Community Centre for Diabetes (ACCD).
- Eleanor Noss Whitney, Corinne Balog Cataldo and Sharon RadyRolfes, 2002, Understanding Normal And Clinical Nutrition6th Edition.
- Arthur C. Guyton and John E. Hall, 2006, Text Book of Medical Physiology11th Edition.
- Mark L. Wahlqvist, 2002 Australia and New Zealand Food & Nutrition 2nd edition.
- Diagrams: Margaret Mayhew, Australian Community Centre for Diabetes (ACCD), 2011.